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Volume 2 – Issue 2 – 2021

Original Research Paper

Application Of Materials Science To Celestial Matter, II: Gravitational Lensing, Event Horizon And Big Bang

Jean-Louis Crolet1*, Bijan Kermani2, Jean-Louis Benoit-Guyod3

1PhD at the University of Paris-Orsay (France), former corrosion–materials expert at Total, 36 Chemin Mirassou, 64140, Lons (FRANCE)
2Visiting Professor, Leeds University (UK)
3Emeritus Professor, Grenoble University (FRANCE)

PAGE NO: 108-130


The three old-age experimental supports of a relativistic interaction between mass and light are cancelled. The centre of a black hole is just a very small and cold body made of the densest possible metal, i.e. a compact packing of protons soaked in free electrons, which was previously called “protonium”. It is directly surrounded by a sphere of perfect vacuum, but light can freely travel across this vacuum. Likewise, the so far called gravitational lensing is just a conventional mirage through the very extended atmosphere surrounding any active star. Finally, the 2019 photograph is not the expected eclipse either, but the superimposed and distorted images of the two sides of a bright accretion sphere by its own lensing effect. Consequently, the Big Bang theory also collapses, but it can be immediately replaced by a conventional explosion within a hypermassive black hole (Big Boom), since an excessively compressed protonium cannot but induce a huge nuclear explosion. Then, the age of our Universe will be just altered by a few minutes, but a great many aspects are upset, such as expansion rate, dark matter and dark energy, as well as the likely presence of an invisible outer universe, but much too far for being visible.